Bibliography and Referencing

Citing sources is an important step in the research process.  By doing so, IC students acknowledge the ideas/words/concepts of someone else, and avoid committing plagiarism.

There are various referencing models used around the world.  At IC, we use APA (American Psychology Association 6th Edition) and MLA (Modern Languages Association, 7th Edition). 

Citing in APA Format:

APA format (American Psychology Association) is a referencing format mostly used for papers written in social sciences and psychology.  The information below is information for students on how to cite books, websites, magazines, databases, encyclopedias, maps, newspapers, and films, as well as what a sample referencing page would look like.

Click here for in-text citations in APA format. 

How to cite various resources in APA Format:

Citing in MLA Format:

The MLA Referencing System (Modern Languages Association) is an easy referencing format widely used.  IC students can check the information below on how to cite books, websites, magazines, databases, encyclopedias, maps, newspapers, and films, as well as what a sample referencing page would look like.

Here in school we are using the 8th edition.

We are also advising you to check this Purdue Owl website for more information. 

Click here for In-Text Citations in MLA.  

How to cite various resources in MLA: